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3.5  Phrasal compounds

A special kind of words in Talmit are compounds of two ”light” roots with a particle in between.

  1. In se-compounds the two words are joined by se ’and’ (geminized to sse after a stressed single vowel). They are similar to dvandva compounds, but acquire new, abstract meanings. In many cases they denote the interaction between the two nouns:

    In particular, se-compounds of numerals are distributive:

  2. Nu-compounds contain accusative nu and a verbal root. Note that √ga ’go, move’ means ’enter’ when combined with the accusative (3.6.5):
  3. Ma-compounds use dative ma:
  4. Mo-compounds use genitive mo. A particularly common formation is a compound with ka ’soil, ground’ which describes a flat area usually attached to a landmark:

The appearance of the ”heavy” root √gam in these ”light” root compounds with monosyllabic derivatives suggests an ancient loan *gam before it was reshaped to gáme.

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